MALAYSIAN SOCIETY OF PLASTIC RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY

DR FAIZAL ALI

Plastic,reconstructive AND COSMETIC  Surgeon

Harvested fat graft being prepared for grafting

Advantages of fat grafting include using your own fat cells rather than foreign body injectables, the transferred fat will last longer than injectable fillers, besides improving the volume it also enhances blood circulation to the treated areas and produces natural looking aesthetic results. 


The risks and safety information on fat grafting 


It is important for patients to understand that every surgical procedure has its own complications and down time. However, if a patient is assessed properly before the surgery and postoperative care is given adequately, these risks can be eliminated or reduced.


Some of the common risks of fat grafting:


  • • Infection
  • • Bleeding
  • • Skin discoloration or bruises at the fat harvested and injected areas
  • • Swelling
  • • Temporary numbness or changes in the skin sensation at the face
  • • Injury to the underlying structures such as blood vessels, muscles or nerves
  • • Inadequate volume due to fat resorption
  • • Asymmetry
  • • Possibility of touch up procedure later
  • • Anaesthesia risks


Postoperative expectations
There will be minimal swelling, bruises or discomfort at the fat harvested or injected sites for several days that can be controlled with oral medications. Recovery time is usually 2 weeks after the procedure. Oral antibiotics will be prescribed to reduce the risks of infection.



Postoperative care


  • • Gentle cold compression is employed for the first 72 hours postoperatively
  • • Light touch is encouraged to stimulate lymphatic drainage
  • • Deep massage should be avoided in the first week after fat grafting because a strong directed pressure could displace the fat and force it into an undesirable area











A fat grafting or lipofilling is a procedure involves in transferring fat from the areas of excess fat or undesirable areas, such as abdomen or outer thighs, and injects it into areas that may be lacking in volume, such as face, hands, breasts or buttocks of the same individual. Fat grafting can also be performed as a complement to traditional lifting techniques. Fat grafting alone is not sufficient to remediate the ageing process of the face.
Aesthetic indications for small volume fat grafting can be applied for facial areas that appear creased and hollow such as sunken cheeks, temporal regions or upper eyelids, deep grooves between the nose and the corners of the mouth (nasolabial fold) or lower eyelids. It is also one of the most common methods used for lip enhancement. In addition, fat grafting can also be used to smooth out all types of irregularities such as those resulting from poorly performed liposuction or injuries. On the other hand, large volume fat grafting can be used for hands rejuvenation and breasts or buttocks augmentation. 


Depending upon the volume of fat harvested, treatment for target areas and patient’s preference, fat grafting can be performed either under local or general anaesthesia.  Fat grafting involves three main stages:


  • Harvesting the fat. Small incisions are made in the skin and a thin cannula is used to suck out the fat (similar to liposuction). The incisions are then closed with stitches and a small dressing placed over them.
  • Preparing the fat. Special equipment (centrifuge) is used to quickly spin the fat, to separate it from any blood and other fluids.
  •  Injecting the fat. A needle and syringe are used to inject small amounts of fat into the treatment area. Fine needles are usually used to inject the fat, hence stitches aren’t usually needed.



FAT INJECTION / FAT GRAFTING

Plastic Cosmetic Surgery

Johor Bahru