Plastic,reconstructive AND COSMETIC Surgeon
Plastic Cosmetic Surgery
Muscles of the face
Facial wrinkles treated with botox
Botox is injected directly into the muscles that cause the wrinkles, using a very small insulin needle as such local or topical anaesthesia is usually unnecessary. Several injections are usually needed at specific sites, depending on the area treated.
The patient will be able to resume normal activities almost immediately. Botox usually takes effect 24-72 hours after injection, with maximum effect at about 1 to 2 weeks. Its effects generally last for approximately 3-4 months. When injected into the muscles that are responsible for expression wrinkles, it gives the face a more relaxed and smoother appearance. When a gradual fading of the results are noticed after a few months, you may return for a repeat treatment.
Botulinum toxin is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It is commercially available as Botox® or Dysport®. However, these injections are usually known by the public as 'Botox injections'.
Doctors use it in small doses to treat health problems, including
➢ Temporary smoothing of facial wrinkles and improving your appearance
➢ Severe sweating under the arm and over the palm of the hands
➢ Cervical dystonia - a neurological disorder that causes severe neck and shoulder muscle contractions
➢ Blepharospasm - uncontrollable blinking
➢ Strabismus - misaligned eyes
➢ Chronic migraine
➢ Overactive bladder
Plastic surgeon uses botox to treat symptoms on the face and neck and also excessive sweating. The injections work by weakening or temporarily paralyzing certain muscles or by blocking certain nerves. The effects last about three to twelve months, depending on what you are treating and the dose that you use. Wrinkles are part of the ageing process. Wrinkles caused by muscle contraction such as frown lines, forehead lines and crows' feet, can be improved by Botox treatment. Botox injections at theses sites will temporarily weaken the muscles that cause the wrinkles.
The most common side effects are pain, swelling, or bruising at the injection site. Rarely some patients may develop flu-like symptoms, headache, and upset stomach. Injections in the face may also cause temporary drooping eyelids. You should not use Botox if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Areas of injections
MALAYSIAN SOCIETY OF PLASTIC RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY